The Department is organized in 10 academic units comprising six Sections with their dependencies (Laboratories or Museums) and four independent Laboratories:

Section of Mineralogy and Petrology

The Section of Mineralogy and Petrology (SMP) studies and educates undergraduate and postgraduate students in topics related to the classification and description of minerals and rocks, their characteristics and behaviour in time and space. It also focuses on the origin, environmental and health impact and uses, structure, chemistry and growth of crystals as well as magmatic, sedimentary and metamorphic processes and the nature and consequences of volcanism.

Particular research topics include:

  • Geometric properties and internal structure of the crystals
  • Genesis, development and systematic classification of minerals
  • Production, differentiation, intrusion and extrusion of magmas
  • Volcanoes and volcanic materials and phenomena
  • Physicochemical and thermodynamic conditions of magmatism, sedimentary rock creation, metamorphism and deformation
  • Types, textures, formation or deposition, evolution and emplacement of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks
  • Dating of rock sequences and geological processes
  • Uses and environmental behavior of minerals and rocks
  • Mineral assemblages and petrologic associations in the context of plate‐tectonic environments and earth’s geological evolution

Section of Historical Geology and Palaeontology

The Section of Historical Geology and Palaeontology (SHGP) studies the scientific topics of Historical Geology, Stratigraphy, Palaeontology and Sedimentology, as well as many other more specialized topics, thus producing important scientific and educational work in the Department of Geology and Geoenvironment. These topics include:

  • Invertebrate Palaeontology
  • Micropalaeontology
  • Vertebrate Palaeontology, Palaeoanthropology, bone and teeth diagenesis
  • Palaeobotany, Palynology
  • Fossilization, geochronology, Archaeometry, geoarchaeology
  • Fossil conservation and preparation, museum studies, Enhancing of geological heritage
  • Lithostratigraphy, biostratigraphy, chemostratigraphy, magnetostratigraphy, stratigraphy of alpine and metalpine formations, etc.
  • Palaeoecology, palaeoclimatology, evolutionary palaeoecology, palaeogeography
  • Environmental micropalaeontology, palaeoenvironments
  • Sedimentary basin analysis, Marine geology
  • History and Philosophy of geosciences, didactics of Geosciences

All the above contribute to the knowledge concerning the evolution of life and biodiversity on the planet, the reconstruction of environmental conditions during the geological past, palaeogeography, climatic changes in older geological periods and their effect on living organisms, the use of microfossils as indices of environmental health in marine environments, monuments of Geological heritage. Palaeontological excavations are also conducted by our Section.

Section of Geography and Climatology

The Section of Geography and Climatology (SGC) deals with earth surface processes, both terrestrial and marine. It hosts the Laboratory of Physical Geography (LPG) and the Laboratory of Climatology and Atmospheric Environment (LACAE). It offers the Postgraduate course of “Geography and Environment”, since 1991. The SGC is also involved in the Postgraduate program “Oceanography and Management of Marine Environment” since 1978 (School of Sciences) and in the program of “Applied Environmental Geology”, since 2006. The DGC has participated in several national and international (mostly European) research programmes (e.g. MATER, CINCS, PDTD, INTERREG IIIB‐ CADSES, CAVESNETWORK ‐ INTERREG III C., COST Action C22, INTERREG III Β ARCHIMED (ARISTHOT), INTERREG IIIΒ  (MEDOCC), IKYDA and has hosted a Marie‐Curie fellowship.

Research topics include:

  • Environmental physical geography,
  • Mathematical geography
  • Applied and environmental geomorphology,
  • Fluvial geomorphology
  • Coastal geomorphology
  • Geoarchaeology
  • Oceanography – Marine Geology
  • Remote sensing ‐ Photogeology
  • GIS applications
  • Sediment dynamics
  • Climatology and Climate Change
  • Applied/Urban climatology
  • Atmospheric pollution
  • Renewable Energy Sources
  • Meteorology

Section of Geophysics and Geothermy

The Section of Geophysics and Geothermy (SGG) was established in 1983, as successor to the Chair of Seismology (est. 1931) and the Laboratory of Seismology (est. 1929). The SGG underwent rapid and multi‐faceted development during the last 25 years, keeping pace with the corresponding rapid development of geophysics and Seismology at the international level. This, in turn has led to the establishment of a second dependent laboratory, the Laboratory of Geophysics (1999).

Throughout its long history, the Section has accumulated extensive experience in practically all aspects of pure and applied geophysics by teaching and researching topics such as: Theoretical and Applied Geophysics, Physics of the Earth’s interior, Earth System science, mineral and energy resource prospecting, Engineering and Environmental Geophysics, Seismology, Engineering and Historical Seismology, Seismotectonics and Geodynamics, Physics of the earthquake source, Geomagnetism, Palaeomagnetism, Physical Volcanology and Geothermics, Remote Sensing, Satellite Geodesy and space‐borne applications to Earth Sciences and Earth system Science. It has also developed intensive cooperation with numerous international research establishments and academic institutions.

The  SGG  offers  under‐  and  post‐graduate  courses  in  geophysics,  seismology,  environmental  science  and  natural  disaster  analysis, assuming an integrated approach towards the earth system sciences. The educational, research and other activities of the Department of Geophysics are thoroughly presented in the web pages of the SGG and its dependent laboratories.

Section of Economic Geology and Geochemistry

Economic Geology and Geochemistry combines the study of geology of ore deposits and geochemistry to describe and understand the processes of mineral resource formation as well as to quantify the environmental impact of mineral and energy resource exploitation. Research in the department is also focused on the development of techniques and solutions related to sustainable production of mineral resources, quality control of industrial raw materials and assessment of contaminated land and water.

Research topics include:

  • Exploration and assessment of mineral resources
  • Baseline geochemistry of soils and water
  • Biogeochemical processes related to ore deposits
  • Environmental impact assessment of mining activities
  • Use of mineral resources for environmental protection
  • Recycling of by‐products from metal mining and metallurgy
  • Soil and water pollution assessment and management

Section of Dynamic, Tectonic and Applied Geology

The Section of Dynamic, Tectonic and Applied Geology (SDTAG) studies the dynamic interior of the Earth. To this effect, it collects geological data and develops new tools for their analysis and interpretation, complemented by numerical modelling and use of digital technology. The research and educational interests and activities of the Department span a wide range of topics including tectonics and structure of the Earth's crust and lithosphere, seismic hazard, dynamics of plates, engineering geology, hydrogeology, environmental geology and natural disasters. The educational curriculum offered by the SDTAG includes, besides classroom lectures and exercises, a wide  range  of  field  exercises  which,  together  with  the  field  course  of  geological  mapping,  provide  students  with  the  necessary foundations and experience for subsequent scientific development.

Through a wide network of collaborations, both at the national and international level, with educational and research institutions, the STDAG has developed interdisciplinary research activities, funded mainly by EU research grants and the wider public sector (Ministries, Prefecture and Local Authorities etc.). Many of these programs are innovative and have enjoyed international recognition. Research topics include:

  • Development of geotectonic maps (both conventional and offshore)
  • Restoration of  Uncontrolled Waste Disposal Sites
  • Water Resources Management
  • Geotechnical design of large scale infrastructure projects (roads, dams, foundations of buildings, industrial plants, oil pipelines and natural gas, etc.) in Greece and abroad.